Alberobello Città dei Trulli Bari Puglia region Best hidden gems in italy
since 03.10.2019 11:13

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  • Alberobello città dei Trulli Bari.jpg
  • Alberobello città dei Trulli Bari charming town Puglia region.jpg
  • Alberobello città dei Trulli Bari inside a trullo.jpg


Alberobello is a lovely town near Bari. It is home to the trulli, cone-shaped white buildings that look like houses straight out of fairy tales. The village is a labyrinth of narrow streets and nice piazzas, and it also has a beautiful belvedere that offers fabulous views of the town. Thanks to its beauty, Alberobello has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

What is a trullo?
A trullo is a small dwelling built from the local limestone, with dry-stone walls and a characteristic conical roof. It is a traditional and simple type of structure which you'll see dotted around this part of Puglia, sometimes in its most basic form used as a kind of shed among the olive groves. The story behind Alberobello, once a town of trulli alone, is a typically Italian one: its design was to fiddle taxes and fool the authorities. The local feudal lord, Count Acquaviva, moved his peasant workers here to clear woodland and cultivate the land. To wriggle around laws and taxes, it was important that Alberobello didn't class as an inhabited settlement. So until 1797, when Alberobello was finally given 'town' status, the people had to live in trulli, which could be dismantled in a hurry when necessary.
The buildings are usually square and have very thick stone walls, constructed without mortar. The thickness strengthens the structure and also helps regulate the internal temperature. The roof is actually a dome, as you can see when you enter one of the buildings, but is almost invariably built up on top into a cone shape, topped with a spire.
There is generally a central room, with additional living spaces in arched alcoves.
Residential trulli are smartly whitewashed, and their roofs are often decorated with fanciful painted symbols supposed to have religious or superstitious significance.
The fanciness of the spire decoration was something of a status symbol: it showed the builders' skill and thus the spending power of the owners.
Frequently the houses consist of more than one trullo roof: they are more like trullo complexes crowned with several roof-cones.

The old town centre, which has also been awarded the Touring Club of Italy's Orange Flag, is entirely composed of trulli, traditional drystone huts whitened with quicklime and capped by conical bare-stone roofs.
Crosses, pierced hearts, and zodiac signs decorate the roofs, maintaining the air of mystery that surrounds the trulli.

The town is named after the primitive oak forest Arboris Belli (beautiful trees) that once covered this area.
It's an amazing place, but also something of a tourist trap from May to October busloads of tourists pile into trullo homes, drink in trullo bars and shop in trullo shops.
Try to visit in the morning to avoid the arrival of tourist buses and the inevitable throng of visitors.

The trulli can be found on the plateaux of the Murgia region and mainly in the Itria Valley, the southern portion of the plateau, where they are commonly called casiedde (shacks, huts).
Itria Valley, also called the "Trulli Valley", includes the villages of Locorotondo, Cisternino and Martina Franca, small areas also include the towns of Alberobello and Ceglie.

Rione Monti
Rione Monti is an area of Alberobello which includes about 1000 trulli. It is a very scenic district with streets and stairways flanked by the most beautiful trulli of Alberobello.
Although nowadays it has become a commercial area with many souvenir shops it has retained its charm with enchanting corners, colourful streets and squares with a unique style.

Aia Piccola
The whole area includes about 400 trulli and it is the most untouched part of Alberobello. The name Aia Piccola (small farm yard) recalls a wide space which in ancient times was used for threshing corn.

Church of Sant'Antonio
The church of Sant'Antonio, located in heart of Alberobello, is a trullo shaped church with a façade of three wings adorned with a rose window and two round windows. The dome of the church is cone shaped and measures 19.80 metres, and at the top of it a small dome.

Alberobello è il maggiore esempio di centro urbano della cultura dei trulli, con i suoi quasi 2000 edifici a forma conica è infatti considerata da molti la capitale dei trulli.
Il territorio dove sorgono i trulli è un territorio carsico, in passato abitato per la maggior parte da contadini.

I trulli sono case piccole a pietre senza finestre, o con una finestrella piccola e semplice a forma quadrata o rettangolare.
Il colore delle case è bianco (cioè imbiancato) con il tetto a cono grigio, che originariamente chiaro si è scurito a causa degli agenti atmosferici. Sono costruiti senza cemento, ma con malta e pietra locale calcarea. Alcuni sono a mezzo cono, come i trulli che con appositi gradini all'esterno permettevano di riempirli dall'alto con paglia e grano.

Chi sa costruire e restaurare il trullo viene chiamato Maestro Trullaro o il Trullaro, figura quasi scomparsa ma che si sta cercando di salvaguardare.
Per restaurare il trullo viene adottato il procedimento Scuci e Cuci, perché bisogna togliere le chiancarelle, lastre di pietra calcarea, vecchie e riposizionare quelle nuove.

Il riscaldamento invernale nei trulli abitati era garantito da un caminetto, che in passato era anche molto grande e ai sui lati ci si poteva sedere. Grazie alla loro conformazione e al caminetto, nei trulli si sta caldi in inverno e freschi in estate. Sugli ingressi di alcuni trulli appaiono edicole votive volute dal proprietario per sua devozione, per voto o per grazia ricevuta. Si possono trovare edicole votive anche all'interno.

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